Published on Mon, 8 Jan 2018 18:08:01
CANDIDE by Voltaire - FULL AudioBook | Greatest Audio Books Candide, ou l'Optimisme is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. The novella has been widely translated, with English versions titled Candide: or, All for the Best (1759); Candide: or, The Optimist (1762); and Candide: or, Optimism (1947). It begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a sheltered life in an paradise and being indoctrinated with Leibnizian optimism (or simply Optimism) by his mentor, Pangloss. The work describes the abrupt cessation of this lifestyle, followed by Candide's slow, painful disillusionment as he witnesses and experiences great hardships in the world. Voltaire concludes with Candide, if not rejecting optimism outright, advocating a deeply practical precept, "we must cultivate our garden", in lieu of the Leibnizian mantra of Pangloss, "all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds". Candide is characterised by its sarcastic tone, as well as by its erratic, fantastical and fast-moving plot. A picaresque novel with a story similar to that of a more serious bildungsroman, it parodies many adventure and romance clichés, the struggles of which are caricatured in a tone that is mordantly matter-of-fact. Still, the events discussed are often based on historical happenings, such as the Seven Years' War and the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. As philosophers of Voltaire's day contended with the problem of evil, so too does Candide in this short novel, albeit more directly and humorously. Voltaire ridicules religion, theologians, governments, armies, philosophies, and philosophers through allegory; most conspicuously, he assaults Leibniz and his optimism. As expected by Voltaire, Candide has enjoyed both great success and great scandal. Immediately after its secretive publication, the book was widely banned because it contained religious blasphemy, political sedition and intellectual hostility hidden under a thin veil of naïveté. However, with its sharp wit and insightful portrayal of the human condition, the novel has since inspired many later authors and artists to mimic and adapt it. Today, Candide is recognised as Voltaire's magnum opus and is often listed as part of the Western canon; it is arguably taught more than any other work of French literature. ►For FREE SPECIAL AUDIOBOOK OFFERS & MORE: http://www.GreatestAudioBooks.com ►SUBSCRIBE to Greatest Audio Books: http://www.youtube.com/GreatestAudioBooks ►Become a FRIEND: http://www.Facebook.com/GreatestAudioBooks ►BUY T-SHIRTS & MORE: http://bit.ly/1akteBP ►Visit our WEBSITE: http://www.GreatestAudioBooks.com - READ along by clicking (CC) for Closed Caption Transcript! - LISTEN to the entire audiobook for free! Chapter listing and length: Chapter 01 -- 00:06:10 Chapter 02 -- 00:05:50 Chapter 03 -- 00:05:39 Chapter 04 -- 00:08:22 Chapter 05 -- 00:06:34 Chapter 06 -- 00:03:28 Chapter 07 -- 00:05:01 Chapter 08 -- 00:07:06 Chapter 09 -- 00:04:13 Chapter 10 -- 00:04:56 Chapter 11 -- 00:08:44 Chapter 12 -- 00:09:49 Chapter 13 -- 00:05:42 Chapter 14 -- 00:08:07 Chapter 15 -- 00:05:14 Chapter 16 -- 00:08:27 Chapter 17 -- 00:08:35 Chapter 18 -- 00:13:19 Chapter 19 -- 00:11:47 Chapter 20 -- 00:06:08 Chapter 21 -- 00:04:21 Chapter 22 -- 00:23:24 Chapter 23 -- 00:03:32 Chapter 24 -- 00:10:59 Chapter 25 -- 00:13:03 Chapter 26 -- 00:08:04 Chapter 27 -- 00:08:40 Chapter 28 -- 00:06:35 Chapter 29 -- 00:03:06 Chapter 30 -- 00:11:50 #Candide #Voltaire #Audiobook #audiobooks #greatestaudiobooks #philosophy This video: Copyright 2013. Greatest Audio Books. All Rights Reserved. This is a Librivox recording. All Librivox recordings are in the public domain. For more information or to volunteer visit librivox.org.
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